Ras Mohammed Dive Sites

Ras Mohamed constricts the southernmost promontory of the Sinai separating the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez. Due to its particular position, its geographical features with huge desert planes, dune zones wadis, and mountain terrain as well as a series of other factors such as the presence of a coral bank extraordinary rich in fauna and a mangrove zone. The whole area proves to have an extraordinary ecological and faunistic richness comprising 218 coral species (hard and soft), more than 1,000 fish species, 80 plant species, 220 bird species,and 14 mammal species.

In order to protect and conserve the entire area of Ras Mohamed, the Egyptian Government established its first national park in 1983 which is covered nowadays a total territory of 480 sq km.

Ras Mohamed peninsula is a privileged area distinguished for the strong, massive currents that transport large quantities of plankton and other food that give rise to an extraordinary growth of hard and soft corals and attract large schools of both reef and pelagic marine fauna. With the great abundance of food, barracuda, jackfish, tuna and sharks swarm in these waters especially between June to August, offering divers the chance to make extremely interesting and exciting dives.

The classic diving sites begin at the northern and southern-most tip of Marsa Bareika, known as Ras Ghozlani and Ras Za’atar and continue along the eastern coast with Ras Burg, Jackfish Alley, Eel Garden and Shark Observatory, and the southern end of the peninsula with Anemone City, Shark Reef and Yolanda Reef.

Ras Ghozlani

Dive Brief

Dive Drift Dive
Max Depth 30m
Max Time 60mins
Current Medium to Strong
Entry Penguin Entry
Pick Up RIB pickup
Extra SMBs

Look for

  • Octopus
  • Nudibranchs
  • Anemonefish
  • Fusiliers
  • Big Table Corals
  • Gorgonian Fans
  • Turtles

Ras Ghozlani dive site has to be done as a drift. The route winds along an extensive sandy slope starting at a depth of 6 meters which descends to the drop-off situated at around 25 to 30 meters. A series of coral pinnacles populated by dense schools of anthias, huge Acropora table and branching corals rise up from the sand, especially by the drop-off. This formation creates fantastic and fascinating landscapes that take over the aspect of a real coral forest, especially close to the entrance.

Ras Za'atar

Dive Brief

Dive Drift Dive
Max Depth 30m
Max Time 60mins
Current Medium to Strong
Entry Penguin Entry
Pick Up RIB pickup
Extra SMBs

Look for

  • Octopus
  • Nudibranchs
  • Anemonefish
  • Fusiliers
  • Big Table Corals
  • Gorgonian Fans
  • Turtles

Ras Za'atar it is the rocky promontory that delimits the deep bay of Marsa Bareika to the south. There are no moorings which means this dive site is always in drift. The dive starts at the coral pinnacle with the table coral situated at the depth of 21 meters. On the depth 10-15 meters do not miss spectacular chimneys which narrow towards the surface where they open into the reef platform: from these crevices,the rays of the sun penetrate the recess creating spectacular effects. In these chimneys, you can see colonies of glassfish, lionfish, and groupers.

Jackfish Alley

Dive Brief

Dive Drift Dive
Max Depth 30m
Max Time 60mins
Current Medium to Strong
Entry Penguin Entry
Pick Up RIB pickup
Extra SMBs

Look for

  • Octopus
  • Nudibranchs
  • Anemonefish
  • Fusiliers
  • Big Table Corals
  • Gorgonian Fans
  • Turtles

The name of this dive site derives from the wide sandy road between the coral ledge bordering the coast and a parallel satellite reef that is often frequented by jackfish and other predators. Descend at the white mark on the cliff till 6 meters and you will easily spot the large entrance of the first cave, which penetrates the reef about 40 meters and from which you exit, keeping to your left at a depth of 9 meters. A little further south there is a sandy bay that must be crossed in the southwest direction in order to see at a depth of 11 meters, another coral outcrop swarming with life and populated by another colony of glassfish. Continue to southwest you will see a zone rich in madrepores, at a depth of 18-20 meters you will be at the sandy “alley” this site is named after. Jackfish, triggerfish, turtles, blackfin barracuda have often been spotted in this area.

Shark Observatory

Dive Brief

Dive Drift Dive
Max Depth 30m
Max Time 60mins
Current Medium to Strong
Entry Penguin Entry
Pick Up RIB pickup
Extra SMBs

Look for

  • Octopus
  • Nudibranchs
  • Anemonefish
  • Fusiliers
  • Big Table Corals
  • Gorgonian Fans
  • Turtles

The name indicates not only the first observation terrace on the top of the Ras Mohamed promontory but also the diving site that is on the level with that promontory. This is a magnificent wall dive. While looking down into the deep blue, you can admire a grandiose environment and at the same time see large pelagic predators and turtles. Even a Whale shark can be seen in this area, especially in the summer months.

Shark and Yolanda Reef

Dive Brief

Dive Drift Dive
Max Depth 30m
Max Time 60mins
Current Medium to Strong
Entry Penguin Entry
Pick Up RIB pickup
Extra SMBs

Look for

  • Snapper
  • Barracuda
  • Jackfish
  • Stingray
  • Turtles
  • Sharks
  • Awesome Coral Garden

This is the most famous and popular dive site in the Red Sea for the variety of its marine environment and above all for the extraordinary abundance of its reef and pelagic fauna. Summer months are especially spectacular with schools of multiple barracuda, jackfish, and batfish that appear before your eyes. Currents can be extremely strong.

There are many dives you can make here – all of which are drift dives. The classic dive will allow you to visit not only Shark Reef but the other two sites: Anemone City and Yolanda Reef. The dive begins at a plateau known as Anemone City. A large population of sea anemones has colonized this plateau in which the light-colored sand is interrupted by coral formations. After swimming in the blue at a course 150’, which wall descends vertically to an abyss more than 700m deep. Observe the blue you may easily see schoolings of batfish, snappers, barracuda, Unicornfish. Keep the reef on your right and you will reach the sandy and shallow saddle that connects Shark Reef and Yolanda Reef.

Yolanda Reef takes its name after a Cypriot merchant ship sunk here in 1980 on its way to Aqaba. Vessel contained bathtubs, sanitary fixtures, wallpare, cases of whisky and even BMW 320 that belonged to the ship captain. The wreckage is always surrounded by large groupers, Napoleon fish, snappers and fusiliers. The ship stood half above the surface, after a violent storm it was pushed to a depth of 50 meters. Now it lies at a depth of around 200 meters. The dive usually ends after exploring the remains of Yolanda. If you still have some air you still have some time to explore the sandy lagoon stretching behind Yolanda Reef and the saddle between two coral outcrops inhabited by Bluespotted stingrays, scorpionfish, stonefish, Napoleon fish and Crocodile fish. As an alternative you can visit the nearby Satellite Reef or explore the area south of Yolanda.